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  1. Research

    Serum and exhaled breath condensate inflammatory cytokines in community-acquired pneumonia: a prospective cohort study

    The role and relationship between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines represents one of the least studied aspects of the pathogenesis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The aim of the present study was to...

    Stefano Aliberti, Letizia Corinna Morlacchi, Paola Faverio, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, Roberto Cosentini, Marco Mantero, Paula Peyrani, Julio Ramirez, Jose Bordon and Francesco Blasi

    Pneumonia 2016 8:8

    Published on: 23 June 2016

  2. Commentary

    Antibiotics in childhood pneumonia: how long is long enough?

    Improved access to healthcare, vaccines and treatment with antibiotics has reduced global mortality from childhood community-acquired pneumonia. However, as respiratory viruses are responsible for most episode...

    Keith Grimwood, Siew M. Fong, Mong H. Ooi, Anna M. Nathan and Anne B. Chang

    Pneumonia 2016 8:6

    Published on: 11 May 2016

  3. Research

    Comparison between diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in children in various medical centres across Europe with the United States, United Kingdom and the World Health Organization guidelines

    The aim of this study was to review the current status and usage of guidelines in the diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in European countries and to compare to established guideline...

    Vytautas Usonis, Rimvydas Ivaskevicius, Javier Diez-Domingo, Susanna Esposito, Oana G. Falup-Pecurariu, Adam Finn, Fernanda Rodrigues, Vana Spoulou, George A. Syrogiannopoulos and David Greenberg

    Pneumonia 2016 8:5

    Published on: 2 May 2016

  4. Commentary

    How best to determine causative pathogens of pneumonia

    The biggest recent development in pneumonia diagnostics has been the increased availability and use of nucleic acid detection assays, although this change has brought with it new challenges about the interpret...

    David R. Murdoch

    Pneumonia 2016 8:1

    Published on: 12 April 2016

  5. Review

    Non-infectious mimics of community-acquired pneumonia

    Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of presentation to healthcare facilities. The diagnosis of CAP is usually made in patients with suggestive symptoms, signs, and radiological features. A num...

    Andrew D. Black

    Pneumonia 2016 8:2

    Published on: 12 April 2016

  6. Review

    Neonatal pneumonia in sub-Saharan Africa

    Neonatal pneumonia is a devastating condition. Most deaths in sub-Saharan Africa can be attributed to preventable diseases, including pneumonia, diarrhoea and malaria, which together killed an estimated 2.2 mi...

    Robin J. Green and Jessica M. Kolberg

    Pneumonia 2016 8:3

    Published on: 12 April 2016

  7. Brief Report

    FREO2: An electricity free oxygen concentrator

    The World Health Organization recommends oxygen therapy for children with severe pneumonia, but this essential medicine is unavailable in many health centres in limited-resource settings. To address this need,...

    Bryn A. Sobott, David J. Peake, James F. P. Black and Roger P. Rassool

    Pneumonia 2014 6:BF03371464

    Published on: 12 November 2014

  8. Brief Report

    Upper airway viruses and bacteria detection in clinical pneumonia in a population with high nasal colonisation do not relate to clinical signs

    Indigenous Australian children have high (up to 90%) rates of nasopharyngeal microbial colonisation and of hospitalisation for pneumonia. In Indigenous children hospitalised with pneumonia in Central Australia...

    Anne B. Chang, Heidi Smith-Vaughan, Theo P. Sloots, Patricia C. Valery, David Whiley, Jemima Beissbarth and Paul J. Torzillo

    Pneumonia 2015 6:6010048

    Published on: 21 August 2015

  9. Case Report

    Acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia following lung transplantation is associated with severe allograft dysfunction and poor outcome: a case series

    Acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia (AFOP) is a histopathologic variant of acute lung injury that has been associated with infection and inflammatory disorders and has been reported as a complication of l...

    Keith C. Meyer, Jennifer Bierach, Jeffrey Kanne, Jose R. Torrealba and Nilto C. De Oliveira

    Pneumonia 2015 6:6010067

    Published on: 1 September 2015

  10. Review

    Long-term effects of pneumonia in young children

    Each year an estimated 120 million episodes of pneumonia occur in children younger than 5 years of age, resulting in one million deaths globally. Within this age group the lungs are still developing by increas...

    Keith Grimwood and Anne B. Chang

    Pneumonia 2015 6:6010101

    Published on: 27 October 2015

  11. Review

    The respiratory microbiota during health and disease: a paediatric perspective

    Recent studies investigating the relationship between the microbiota and disease are demonstrating novel concepts that could significantly alter the way we treat disease and promote health in the future. It is...

    Ilan J. N. Koppena, Astrid A. T. M. Boscha, Elisabeth A. M. Sandersa, Marlies A. van Houtenb and Debby Bogaerta

    Pneumonia 2015 6:6010090

    Published on: 23 September 2015

  12. Case Report

    Salmonella empyema: a case report

    Non-typhi Salmonella enterica infection rarely presents as a pleural empyema, with only 31 cases published in the literature over the last century. We report a case of an 85-year-old female with worsening shortne...

    Shivanshan Pathmanathana, Suminda Welagedara, Petra Dorrington and Siddharth Sharma

    Pneumonia 2015 6:BF03371465

    Published on: 17 November 2015

  13. Original article

    The upper respiratory tract microbiome of hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia of unknown aetiology: a pilot study

    The composition of the upper respiratory tract microbiome may play an important role in the development of lower respiratory tract infections. Here, we characterised the microbiome of the nasopharynx and oroph...

    Timothy L. Wiemken, Venkatakrishna Rao Jala, Robert R. Kelley, Paula Peyrani, William A. Mattingly, Forest W. Arnold, Patricio W. Cabral, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Bodduluri Haribabu and Julio A. Ramirez

    Pneumonia 2015 6:6010083

    Published on: 11 September 2015

  14. Original article

    Cancer patients with community-acquired pneumonia treated in intensive care have poorer outcomes associated with increased illness severity and septic shock at admission to intensive care: a retrospective cohort study

    Patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and an underlying diagnosis of cancer have worse outcomes. However, the characteristics of cancer patients with CAP admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) are ...

    Ricardo J. P. José, Ali O. Mohammed, James J. P. Goldring, Rachel C. Chambers, Jeremy S. Brown and Banwari Agarwal

    Pneumonia 2015 6:6010077

    Published on: 4 September 2015

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Pneumonia transferred to BioMed Central from Griffith University ePress in January 2016.

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