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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) or community-acquired pneumonia with parapneumonic empyema (CAP + PPE)

From: Viral and bacterial pathogens identification in children hospitalised for severe pneumonia and parapneumonic empyema

  CAP CAP + PPE p value
Characterisics n a % n %  
Overall 24 46 28 54  
Gender      
Male 18 75 12 43 0.025
Age      
3–23 months 6 25 6 21 1
24–59 months 12 50 10 36 0.4
5–14 years 6 25 12 43 0.24
Vaccinated with      
PCV-7b 8 33 15 54 0.17
Hib 1 88 24 86 1
Therapy before admission      
NSAIDc 16 67 22 79 0.4
Antibiotic 7 29 15 54 0.09
Median duration of hospitalisation (days) 3   15   < 0.01
Number of patients treated by oxygen therapy 4 17 22 79 < 0.001
Median duration of symptoms before admission (days) 3   7   0.0065
  1. an = total number.
  2. bPCV-7 = heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
  3. cNSAID = Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug