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  1. Research

    Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children in Western Australia carry different serotypes of pneumococci with different antimicrobial susceptibility profiles

    Carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae is considered a precursor to pneumococcal diseases including pneumonia. As part of the Kalgoorlie Otitis Media Research Project, we characterised pneumococci isolated from the...

    Eileen M. Dunne, Kylie Carville, Thomas V. Riley, Jacinta Bowman, Amanda J. Leach, Allan W. Cripps, Denise Murphy, Peter Jacoby and Deborah Lehmann

    Pneumonia 2016 8:15

    Published on: 5 September 2016

  2. Commentary

    The definition and classification of pneumonia

    Following the publication of a volume of Pneumonia focused on diagnosis, the journal’s Editorial Board members debated the definition and classification of pneumonia and came to a consensus on the need to revise ...

    Grant Mackenzie

    Pneumonia 2016 8:14

    Published on: 22 August 2016

  3. Brief report

    Geographic consistency in dominant, non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae genotypes colonising four distinct Australian paediatric groups: a cohort study

    Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi)-associated ear and respiratory diseases (including pneumonia) represent a major health burden in many parts of the world. NTHi strains retrieved from the upper airways c...

    Heidi C. Smith-Vaughan, Jemima Beissbarth, Jacinta Bowman, Kim M. Hare, Erin P. Price, Janessa Pickering, Deborah Lehmann, Anne B. Chang, Peter S. Morris, Robyn L. Marsh and Amanda J. Leach

    Pneumonia 2016 8:13

    Published on: 18 August 2016

  4. Research

    A longitudinal study of natural antibody development to pneumococcal surface protein A families 1 and 2 in Papua New Guinean Highland children: a cohort study

    Pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA), a conserved virulence factor essential for Streptococcus pneumoniae attachment to upper respiratory tract (URT) epithelia, is a potential vaccine candidate for preventing co...

    Jacinta P. Francis, Peter C. Richmond, Audrey Michael, Peter M. Siba, Peter Jacoby, Belinda J. Hales, Wayne R. Thomas, Deborah Lehmann, William S. Pomat and Anita H. J. van den Biggelaar

    Pneumonia 2016 8:12

    Published on: 15 August 2016

  5. Commentary

    Macrolide resistance in pneumococci—is it relevant?

    Macrolide antibiotics are widely used for a range of indications, including pneumonia. Both high-level and low-level resistance to macrolides is increasing in pneumococci globally. Macrolide resistance in pneu...

    Allen C. Cheng and Adam W. J. Jenney

    Pneumonia 2016 8:10

    Published on: 7 July 2016

  6. Research

    Serum and exhaled breath condensate inflammatory cytokines in community-acquired pneumonia: a prospective cohort study

    The role and relationship between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines represents one of the least studied aspects of the pathogenesis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The aim of the present study was to...

    Stefano Aliberti, Letizia Corinna Morlacchi, Paola Faverio, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, Roberto Cosentini, Marco Mantero, Paula Peyrani, Julio Ramirez, Jose Bordon and Francesco Blasi

    Pneumonia 2016 8:8

    Published on: 23 June 2016

  7. Commentary

    Antibiotics in childhood pneumonia: how long is long enough?

    Improved access to healthcare, vaccines and treatment with antibiotics has reduced global mortality from childhood community-acquired pneumonia. However, as respiratory viruses are responsible for most episode...

    Keith Grimwood, Siew M. Fong, Mong H. Ooi, Anna M. Nathan and Anne B. Chang

    Pneumonia 2016 8:6

    Published on: 11 May 2016

  8. Research

    Comparison between diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in children in various medical centres across Europe with the United States, United Kingdom and the World Health Organization guidelines

    The aim of this study was to review the current status and usage of guidelines in the diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in European countries and to compare to established guideline...

    Vytautas Usonis, Rimvydas Ivaskevicius, Javier Diez-Domingo, Susanna Esposito, Oana G. Falup-Pecurariu, Adam Finn, Fernanda Rodrigues, Vana Spoulou, George A. Syrogiannopoulos and David Greenberg

    Pneumonia 2016 8:5

    Published on: 2 May 2016

  9. Review

    Neonatal pneumonia in sub-Saharan Africa

    Neonatal pneumonia is a devastating condition. Most deaths in sub-Saharan Africa can be attributed to preventable diseases, including pneumonia, diarrhoea and malaria, which together killed an estimated 2.2 mi...

    Robin J. Green and Jessica M. Kolberg

    Pneumonia 2016 8:3

    Published on: 12 April 2016

  10. Review

    Non-infectious mimics of community-acquired pneumonia

    Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of presentation to healthcare facilities. The diagnosis of CAP is usually made in patients with suggestive symptoms, signs, and radiological features. A num...

    Andrew D. Black

    Pneumonia 2016 8:2

    Published on: 12 April 2016

  11. Commentary

    How best to determine causative pathogens of pneumonia

    The biggest recent development in pneumonia diagnostics has been the increased availability and use of nucleic acid detection assays, although this change has brought with it new challenges about the interpret...

    David R. Murdoch

    Pneumonia 2016 8:1

    Published on: 12 April 2016

  12. Review

    Long-term effects of pneumonia in young children

    Each year an estimated 120 million episodes of pneumonia occur in children younger than 5 years of age, resulting in one million deaths globally. Within this age group the lungs are still developing by increas...

    Keith Grimwood and Anne B. Chang

    Pneumonia 2015 6:6010101

    Published on: 27 October 2015

  13. Brief Report

    Upper airway viruses and bacteria detection in clinical pneumonia in a population with high nasal colonisation do not relate to clinical signs

    Indigenous Australian children have high (up to 90%) rates of nasopharyngeal microbial colonisation and of hospitalisation for pneumonia. In Indigenous children hospitalised with pneumonia in Central Australia...

    Anne B. Chang, Heidi Smith-Vaughan, Theo P. Sloots, Patricia C. Valery, David Whiley, Jemima Beissbarth and Paul J. Torzillo

    Pneumonia 2015 6:6010048

    Published on: 21 August 2015

  14. Brief Report

    FREO2: An electricity free oxygen concentrator

    The World Health Organization recommends oxygen therapy for children with severe pneumonia, but this essential medicine is unavailable in many health centres in limited-resource settings. To address this need,...

    Bryn A. Sobott, David J. Peake, James F. P. Black and Roger P. Rassool

    Pneumonia 2014 6:BF03371464

    Published on: 12 November 2014

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