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  1. Content type: Brief Report

    Oxygen is a World Health Organisation listed essential drug yet provision of oxygen in developing countries often fails to meet demand. The aim of this study was to evaluate the need for supplementary oxygen a...

    Authors: Hywel-Gethin Tudur Evans, Nadia Mahmood, Duncan G. Fullerton, Jamie Rylance, Andrew Gonani, Stephen B. Gordon, Kevin Mortimer and Theresa J. Allain

    Citation: Pneumonia 2016 1:1010003

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  2. Content type: Review

    Neonatal pneumonia is a devastating condition. Most deaths in sub-Saharan Africa can be attributed to preventable diseases, including pneumonia, diarrhoea and malaria, which together killed an estimated 2.2 mi...

    Authors: Robin J. Green and Jessica M. Kolberg

    Citation: Pneumonia 2016 8:3

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  3. Content type: Review

    Recent studies investigating the relationship between the microbiota and disease are demonstrating novel concepts that could significantly alter the way we treat disease and promote health in the future. It is...

    Authors: Ilan J. N. Koppen, Astrid A. T. M. Bosch, Elisabeth A. M. Sanders, Marlies A. van Houten and Debby Bogaert

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010090

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  4. Content type: Original article

    Rapid diagnosis of Streptococcus pneumoniae can play a significant role in decreasing morbidity and mortality of infection. The accurate diagnosis of pneumococcal disease is hampered by the difficulties in growin...

    Authors: Feroze A. Ganaie, Vandana Govindan and K. L. Ravi Kumar

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010057

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  5. Content type: Review

    Each year an estimated 120 million episodes of pneumonia occur in children younger than 5 years of age, resulting in one million deaths globally. Within this age group the lungs are still developing by increas...

    Authors: Keith Grimwood and Anne B. Chang

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010101

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  6. Content type: Review

    The replacement of “presumptive treatment for malaria” by “test before treat” strategies for the management of febrile illness is raising awareness of the importance of knowing more about the causes of illness...

    Authors: Florid Muro, Rita Reyburn and Hugh Reyburn

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010006

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  7. Content type: Original article

    Patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and an underlying diagnosis of cancer have worse outcomes. However, the characteristics of cancer patients with CAP admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) are ...

    Authors: Ricardo J. P. José, Ali O. Mohammed, James J. P. Goldring, Rachel C. Chambers, Jeremy S. Brown and Banwari Agarwal

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010077

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  8. Content type: Original article

    The composition of the upper respiratory tract microbiome may play an important role in the development of lower respiratory tract infections. Here, we characterised the microbiome of the nasopharynx and oroph...

    Authors: Timothy L. Wiemken, Venkatakrishna Rao Jala, Robert R. Kelley, Paula Peyrani, William A. Mattingly, Forest W. Arnold, Patricio W. Cabral, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Bodduluri Haribabu and Julio A. Ramirez

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010083

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  9. Content type: Brief Report

    The World Health Organization recommends oxygen therapy for children with severe pneumonia, but this essential medicine is unavailable in many health centres in limited-resource settings. To address this need,...

    Authors: Bryn A. Sobott, David J. Peake, James F. P. Black and Roger P. Rassool

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010115

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  10. Content type: Case Report

    Non-typhi Salmonella enterica infection rarely presents as a pleural empyema, with only 31 cases published in the literature over the last century. We report a case of an 85-year-old female with worsening shortne...

    Authors: Shivanshan Pathmanathan, Suminda Welagedara, Petra Dorrington and Siddharth Sharma

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:BF03371465

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  11. Content type: Case Report

    Acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia (AFOP) is a histopathologic variant of acute lung injury that has been associated with infection and inflammatory disorders and has been reported as a complication of l...

    Authors: Keith C. Meyer, Jennifer Bierach, Jeffrey Kanne, Jose R. Torrealba and Nilto C. De Oliveira

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010067

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  12. Content type: Original article

    Thioredoxin 1 (Trx1) and haptoglobin (Hp) are known to be involved in pathophysiology. This study was conducted to evaluate their diagnostic significance. We employed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELIS...

    Authors: Mee-Kyung Cha and Il-Han Kim

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010018

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  13. Content type: Brief Report

    Indigenous Australian children have high (up to 90%) rates of nasopharyngeal microbial colonisation and of hospitalisation for pneumonia. In Indigenous children hospitalised with pneumonia in Central Australia...

    Authors: Anne B. Chang, Heidi Smith-Vaughan, Theo P. Sloots, Patricia C. Valery, David Whiley, Jemima Beissbarth and Paul J. Torzillo

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010048

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  14. Content type: Review

    Each year an estimated 120 million episodes of pneumonia occur in children younger than 5 years of age, resulting in one million deaths globally. Within this age group the lungs are still developing by increas...

    Authors: Keith Grimwood and Anne B. Chang

    Citation: Pneumonia 2015 6:6010101

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Original Article

    Australian Aboriginal people have among the highest rates of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) worldwide. We investigated clinical diagnosis, risk factors, comorbidities and vaccine coverage in Aboriginal an...

    Authors: Faye J. Lim, Deborah Lehmann, Aoiffe McLoughlin, Catherine Harrison, Judith Willis, Carolien Giele, Anthony D. Keil and Hannah C. Moore

    Citation: Pneumonia 2014 4:4010024

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  16. Content type: Review

    Despite the importance of paediatric pneumonia as a cause of short and long-term morbidity and mortality worldwide, a reliable gold standard for its diagnosis remains elusive. The utility of clinical, microbio...

    Authors: Kerry-Ann F. O’Grady, Paul J. Torzillo, Kieran Frawley and Anne B. Chang

    Citation: Pneumonia 2014 5(Suppl 1):5010038

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  17. Content type: Original Article

    Pleural effusion is a serious complication of pneumonia, and Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause. We describe the aetiology of pneumonia with effusion among children in the Dominican Republic before the i...

    Authors: Jesús Feris-Iglesias, Josefina Fernández, Jacqueline Sánchez, Fabiana Pimenta, Chabela Peña, Hilma Coradin, Eddy Perez-Then, Maria Peinado, Angélica Floren, Teresa Del Moral, Dean Erdman, Maria da Gloria Carvalho and Jennifer R. Verani

    Citation: Pneumonia 2014 4:4010008

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  18. Content type: Review

    Childhood pneumonia continues to be the number one cause of death in children under five years of age in developing countries. In addition to mortality, pneumonia constitutes an enormous economic and social bu...

    Authors: Jukka Räsänen and Noam Gavriely

    Citation: Pneumonia 2014 5(Suppl 1):5010052

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  19. Content type: Review

    Clinical prognostc scores are increasingly used to streamline care in well-resourced setngs. The potental benefts of identfying patents at risk of clinical deterioraton and poor outcome, delivering appropriate...

    Authors: Jamie Rylance and Peter Waitt

    Citation: Pneumonia 2014 5(Suppl 1):5010030

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  20. Content type: Review

    Context: The ideal duration of antibiotic treatment for childhood community acquired pneumonia (CAP) has not yet been established. Objective: A literature search was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of shorter ...

    Authors: Shalom Ben-Shimol, Varda Levy-Litan, Oana Falup-Pecurariu and David Greenberg

    Citation: Pneumonia 2014 4:4010016

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  21. Content type: Review

    This review of pneumonia in the tropics is based on experience with respiratory infectons in Papua New Guinea since the 1970s. It discusses ideas, principles, historical aspects of pneumonia research and the n...

    Authors: Michael P. Alpers

    Citation: Pneumonia 2014 4:4010001

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  22. Content type: Brief Report

    The World Health Organization recommends oxygen therapy for children with severe pneumonia, but this essential medicine is unavailable in many health centres in limited-resource settings. To address this need,...

    Authors: Bryn A. Sobott, David J. Peake, James F. P. Black and Roger P. Rassool

    Citation: Pneumonia 2014 6:BF03371464

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Original Article

    Pneumonia is caused by respiratory bacteria and/or viruses. Little is known if co-infections are an aggravating factor in hospitalised children with severe pneumonia. We studied the impact of respiratory patho...

    Authors: Jean-Noel Telles, Nathalie Richard, Yves Gillet, Susanne Hartwig, Stéphane Pouzol, Sandra Dollet, Melina Messaoudi, Elodie Paredes, Christine Ploton, Gerard Lina, Guy Vernet, Daniel Floret, Etienne Javouhey and Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà

    Citation: Pneumonia 2012 1:1010011

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  24. Content type: Brief Report

    Molecular methods offer improvement in the detection of causative pneumonia pathogens, but there are concerns of false positive results. Here we validate quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assays for the detect...

    Authors: Jana Y. R. Lai, Michael J. Binks, Mirjam Kaestli, Amanda J. Leach and Heidi C. Smith-Vaughan

    Citation: Pneumonia 2012 1:1010007

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    137 days from submission to acceptance
    22 days from acceptance to publication

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