Challenges and progress in childhood tuberculosis

© Flickr Marion Doss CC BY-SA 2.0Guest edited by Professor Ben Marais (University of Sydney, Australia), this series of articles provides an overview of the global child tuberculosis burden and examines issues such as diagnosis, advances in treatment, and novel vaccination approaches. The series aims to address the needs of researchers, clinicians and other individuals who require up-to-date information on this topic.


Pneumonia is pleased to be still accepting submissions for this thematic series.

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Aims and scope

Pneumonia is the only journal to focus exclusively on pneumonia. Publishing original research, case reports, reviews, commentaries and correspondence, Pneumonia provides an international forum for the exchange of knowledge by scientists and clinicians involved in studying the etiology and pathogenesis of pneumonia, as well as its diagnosis, epidemiology, treatment and prevention. The journal's scope extends to research on lung infections and diagnosis, inflammation and immunity, microbial pathogenesis and viral-bacterial interactions.

Cutting-edge research, insightful reviews and dedication to the community make Pneumonia an essential resource for clinicians, researchers, respirologists and allied professionals involved with infectious diseases.

Featured article: Development of PCRSeqTyping—a novel molecular assay for typing of Streptococcus pneumoniae

New Content ItemPrecise serotyping of pneumococci is essential for vaccine development, to better understand the pathogenicity and trends of drug resistance. Currently used conventional and molecular methods of serotyping are expensive and time-consuming, with limited coverage of serotypes. An accurate and rapid serotyping method with complete coverage of serotypes is an urgent necessity. This study describes the development and application of a novel technology that addresses this need.

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Featured review: Encouraging rational antibiotic use in childhood pneumonia: a focus on Vietnam and the Western Pacific Region

Globally, pneumonia is considered to be the biggest killer of infants and young children (aged <5 years) outside the neonatal period, with the greatest disease burden in low- and middle-income countries. Optimal management of childhood pneumonia is challenging in settings where clinicians have limited information regarding the local pathogen and drug resistance profiles. The authors conducted a comprehensive literature review to explore the antibiotic resistance profile of bacteria associated with pneumonia in the Western Pacific Region, with a focus on Vietnam. Current management practices were also considered, along with the diagnostic dilemmas faced by doctors and other factors that increase unnecessary antibiotic use. This review offers some suggestions on how these issues may be addressed.

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A note for authors

Pneumonia levies an article-processing charge for all articles accepted for publication. During the transition period for the journal, we are providing additional support for authors who do not have grant, institution, or other funding to cover the APC. If you do not have access to a funding source, please request a waiver stating the code PNEU17 on the payment page during submission.

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