Challenges and progress in childhood tuberculosis
Guest edited by Professor Ben Marais (University of Sydney, Australia), this series of articles provides an overview of the global child tuberculosis burden and examines issues such as diagnosis, advances in treatment, and novel vaccination approaches. The series aims to address the needs of researchers, clinicians and other individuals who require up-to-date information on this topic.
Pneumonia is pleased to be still accepting submissions for this thematic series.
Aims and scope
Pneumonia is the only journal to focus exclusively on pneumonia. Publishing original research, case reports, reviews, commentaries and correspondence, Pneumonia provides an international forum for the exchange of knowledge by scientists and clinicians involved in studying the etiology and pathogenesis of pneumonia, as well as its diagnosis, epidemiology, treatment and prevention. The journal's scope extends to research on lung infections and diagnosis, inflammation and immunity, microbial pathogenesis and viral-bacterial interactions.
Cutting-edge research, insightful reviews and dedication to the community make Pneumonia an essential resource for clinicians, researchers, respirologists and allied professionals involved with infectious diseases.
Featured article: Predictors of pneumococcal carriage and the effect of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in the Western Australian Aboriginal population
The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was introduced to prevent invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in Western Australian (WA) Aboriginal people in 2001. PCV13 replaced PCV7 in July 2011, covering six additional pneumococcal serotypes; however, IPD rates remained high in Aboriginal people in WA. Upper respiratory tract pneumococcal carriage can precede IPD, and PCVs alter serotype distribution. This study describes the prevalence of overall carriage and that of individual serotypes in the WA Aboriginal population before and after the introduction of PCV13, along with epidemiological risk factors for carriage.
Featured review: Atypical bacterial pneumonia in the HIV-infected population
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals are more susceptible to respiratory tract infections by other infectious agents as their disease progresses to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Despite effective antiretroviral therapy, bacterial pneumonia remains a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the HIV-infected population. Due to the lack of available diagnostic strategies, the lack of consideration, and the declining immunity of the patient, HIV co-infections with atypical bacteria are currently believed to be underreported. This review aimed to highlight the current knowledge and gaps regarding atypical bacterial pneumonia in HIV.
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