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  1. Review

    Necrotizing pneumonia: an emerging problem in children?

    In children, necrotizing pneumonia (NP) is an uncommon, severe complication of pneumonia. It is characterized by destruction of the underlying lung parenchyma resulting in multiple small, thin-walled cavities ...

    I. Brent Masters, Alan F. Isles and Keith Grimwood

    Pneumonia 2017 9:11

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  2. Review

    Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine implementation in middle-income countries

    Since 2000, the widespread adoption of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) has had a major impact in the prevention of pneumonia. Limited access to international financial support means some middle-income c...

    Serena Tricarico, Hannah C. McNeil, David W. Cleary, Michael G. Head, Victor Lim, Ivan Kok Seng Yap, Chong Chun Wie, Cheng Siang Tan, Mohd Nor Norazmi, Ismail Aziah, Eddy Seong Guan Cheah, Saul N. Faust, Johanna M.C. Jefferies, Paul J. Roderick, Michael Moore, Ho Ming Yuen…

    Pneumonia 2017 9:6

    Published on: 25 March 2017

  3. Research

    Childhood pneumonia and meningitis in the Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea in the era of conjugate vaccines: study methods and challenges

    Pneumonia and meningitis are common causes of severe childhood illness in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The etiology of both clinical conditions in PNG has not been recently assessed. Changes in lifestyle, provision...

    Christopher C. Blyth, Rebecca Ford, Joycelyn Sapura, Tonny Kumani, Geraldine Masiria, John Kave, Lapule Yuasi, Andrew Greenhill, Ilomo Hwaihwanje, Amanda Lang, Deborah Lehmann and William Pomat

    Pneumonia 2017 9:5

    Published on: 5 March 2017

  4. Research

    Increased risk of pneumonia in residents living near poultry farms: does the upper respiratory tract microbiota play a role?

    Air pollution has been shown to increase the susceptibility to community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Previously, we observed an increased incidence of CAP in adults living within 1 km from poultry farms, potenti...

    Lidwien A. M. Smit, Gert Jan Boender, Wouter A. A. de Steenhuijsen Piters, Thomas J. Hagenaars, Elisabeth G. W. Huijskens, John W. A. Rossen, Marion Koopmans, Gonnie Nodelijk, Elisabeth A. M. Sanders, Joris Yzermans, Debby Bogaert and Dick Heederik

    Pneumonia 2017 9:3

    Published on: 25 February 2017

  5. Review

    Pulmonary infections in the returned traveller

    Pulmonary infections in the returned traveller are a common presentation. A wide variety of infections may present with pulmonary symptoms. It is important for clinicians to differentiate the cause of these sy...

    Ashleigh Trimble, V. Moffat and A. M. Collins

    Pneumonia 2017 9:1

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  6. Review

    Tuberculosis and pneumonia in HIV-infected children: an overview

    Pneumonia remains the most common cause of hospitalization and the most important cause of death in young children. In high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-burden settings, HIV-infected children carry a hig...

    Helena Rabie and Pierre Goussard

    Pneumonia 2016 8:19

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  7. Research

    Non-adherence to community oral-antibiotic treatment in children with fast-breathing pneumonia in Malawi– secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study

    Despite significant progress, pneumonia is still the leading cause of infectious deaths in children under five years of age. Poor adherence to antibiotics has been associated with treatment failure in World He...

    Rebecca Nightingale, Tim Colbourn, David Mukanga, Limangeni Mankhambo, Norman Lufesi, Eric D. McCollum and Carina King

    Pneumonia 2016 8:21

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  8. Review

    Global burden of childhood tuberculosis

    In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared tuberculosis (TB) to be responsible for more deaths than any other single infectious disease. The burden of TB among children has frequently been dismissed...

    Helen E. Jenkins

    Pneumonia 2016 8:24

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  9. Review

    Novel vaccination approaches to prevent tuberculosis in children

    Pediatric tuberculosis (TB) is an underappreciated problem and accounts for 10 % of all TB deaths worldwide. Children are highly susceptible to infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and interrupting TB spread...

    James A. Triccas and Claudio Counoupas

    Pneumonia 2016 8:18

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  10. Research

    Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children in Western Australia carry different serotypes of pneumococci with different antimicrobial susceptibility profiles

    Carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae is considered a precursor to pneumococcal diseases including pneumonia. As part of the Kalgoorlie Otitis Media Research Project, we characterised pneumococci isolated from the...

    Eileen M. Dunne, Kylie Carville, Thomas V. Riley, Jacinta Bowman, Amanda J. Leach, Allan W. Cripps, Denise Murphy, Peter Jacoby and Deborah Lehmann

    Pneumonia 2016 8:15

    Published on: 5 September 2016

  11. Commentary

    The definition and classification of pneumonia

    Following the publication of a volume of Pneumonia focused on diagnosis, the journal’s Editorial Board members debated the definition and classification of pneumonia and came to a consensus on the need to revise ...

    Grant Mackenzie

    Pneumonia 2016 8:14

    Published on: 22 August 2016

  12. Brief report

    Geographic consistency in dominant, non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae genotypes colonising four distinct Australian paediatric groups: a cohort study

    Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi)-associated ear and respiratory diseases (including pneumonia) represent a major health burden in many parts of the world. NTHi strains retrieved from the upper airways c...

    Heidi C. Smith-Vaughan, Jemima Beissbarth, Jacinta Bowman, Kim M. Hare, Erin P. Price, Janessa Pickering, Deborah Lehmann, Anne B. Chang, Peter S. Morris, Robyn L. Marsh and Amanda J. Leach

    Pneumonia 2016 8:13

    Published on: 18 August 2016

  13. Research

    A longitudinal study of natural antibody development to pneumococcal surface protein A families 1 and 2 in Papua New Guinean Highland children: a cohort study

    Pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA), a conserved virulence factor essential for Streptococcus pneumoniae attachment to upper respiratory tract (URT) epithelia, is a potential vaccine candidate for preventing co...

    Jacinta P. Francis, Peter C. Richmond, Audrey Michael, Peter M. Siba, Peter Jacoby, Belinda J. Hales, Wayne R. Thomas, Deborah Lehmann, William S. Pomat and Anita H. J. van den Biggelaar

    Pneumonia 2016 8:12

    Published on: 15 August 2016

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