Open Access

Delivering vaccines for the prevention of pneumonia — programmatic and financial issues

Pneumonia20132:2010016

https://doi.org/10.15172/pneu.2013.2/244

Received: 17 September 2012

Accepted: 25 October 2012

Published: 14 February 2013

Abstract

Pneumonia is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children younger than 5 years. Vaccines are available against the main bacterial pathogens Haemophilus influenzae type b and Streptococcus pneumoniae. There are also vaccines against measles and pertussis; diseases that can predispose a child to pneumonia. Partners such as the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI), the Hib Initiative, the Accelerated Development and Introduction Plan for pneumococcal vaccines and the Measles Initiative, have accelerated the introduction of vaccines into developing countries. Whilst significant improvements in vaccine coverage have occurred globally over the past decade, there still remains an urgent need to scale-up key pneumonia protection and treatment interventions as identified in the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia (GAPP). There is promise that global immunisation will continue to improve child survival. However, there are several challenges to vaccine implementation that must first be addressed, including: a lack of access to under-served and marginalised populations; inadequate planning and management; a lack of political commitment; weak monitoring and surveillance programmes and assured sustainable finance and supply of quality vaccines. There is an urgent need to increase global awareness of the devastation that pneumonia brings to the worlds poorest communities.

Keywords

pneumonia bacteria Haemophilus influenzae type b Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccine Global Action Plan GAPP GAVI WHO pneumonia.org.au World Pneumonia Day

Notes

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