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  1. Pneumonia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five. Antibiotic treatment must be started immediately in children with pneumonia. The irrational use of antibiotics may increase morbidi...

    Authors: Christine Joy Abeja, Vallence Niyonzima, John Paul Byagamy and Celestino Obua
    Citation: Pneumonia 2022 14:3
  2. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the most common cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Although previous studies have suggested that macrolide therapy is beneficial for ARDS, its benefit fo...

    Authors: Jun Suzuki, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Shuji Hatakeyama, Hiroki Matsui, Teppei Sasahara, Yuji Morisawa, Toshiyuki Yamada, Kiyohide Fushimi and Hideo Yasunaga
    Citation: Pneumonia 2022 14:1
  3. In the Netherlands, an increased risk of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has been reported for adults living near goat and poultry farms. Previous results of respiratory microbiome studies in hospitalized C...

    Authors: Inge Roof, Arianne B. van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Tizza P. Zomer, Yolande M. Vermeeren, Peter C. Wever and Wim van der Hoek
    Citation: Pneumonia 2021 13:13
  4. Drug-induced pneumonia (d-pneumonia) and bacterial pneumonia (b-pneumonia) are often difficult to differentiate; therefore, this study examined the possibility of differentiating them using serum biomarkers.

    Authors: Yuko Waseda, Masahide Yasui, Kousuke Kurokawa, Ryo Chikazawa, Toshihiro Takeda, Miho Mitsui, Tomoaki Sonoda, Makiko Yamaguchi, Satoshi Watanabe, Hazuki Takato, Yukari Ichikawa, Yukihiro Umeda, Masaki Anzai, Hiroshi Ueda, Kazuo Kasahara and Tamotsu Ishizuka
    Citation: Pneumonia 2021 13:11
  5. Pneumococcal pneumonia is the leading cause of under-five mortality globally. The surveillance of pneumococcal serotypes is therefore vital for informing pneumococcal vaccination policy and programmes. Pneumoc...

    Authors: Alex J. J. Lister, Cheng Foh Le, Eddy Seong Guan Cheah, Mohd Nasir Mohd Desa, David W. Cleary and Stuart C. Clarke
    Citation: Pneumonia 2021 13:9
  6. Bacteria and respiratory viruses co-occur in the nasopharynx, and their interactions may impact pathogenesis of invasive disease. Associations of viruses and bacteria in the nasopharynx may be affected by HIV.

    Authors: Tila Khan, Ranjan Saurav Das, Amrita Chaudhary, Jyotirmoy Chatterjee and Sangeeta Das Bhattacharya
    Citation: Pneumonia 2021 13:8
  7. Prophylactic administration of antipyretics at the time of immunization seems to decrease some side effects, however reduced immune responses have been reported in some studies. This systematic review aimed to...

    Authors: Eleni Koufoglou, Georgia Kourlaba and Athanasios Michos
    Citation: Pneumonia 2021 13:7
  8. Pneumonia is a leading cause of death in Malaysia. Whilst many studies have reported the aetiology of pneumonia in Western countries, the epidemiology of pneumonia in Malaysia remains poorly understood. As car...

    Authors: Denise E. Morris, Hannah McNeil, Rebecca E. Hocknell, Rebecca Anderson, Andrew C. Tuck, Serena Tricarico, Mohd Nor Norazmi, Victor Lim, Tan Cheng Siang, Patricia Kim Chooi Lim, Chong Chun Wie, David W. Cleary, Ivan Kok Seng Yap and Stuart C. Clarke
    Citation: Pneumonia 2021 13:6
  9. Due to high risk of mortality, children with comorbidities are typically excluded from trials evaluating pneumonia treatment. Understanding heterogeneity of outcomes among children with pneumonia and comorbidi...

    Authors: Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Tisungane Mvalo, Jun Hwang, Melda Phiri, Eric D. McCollum, Madalitso Maliwichi, Robert Schmicker, Ajib Phiri, Norman Lufesi and Susanne May
    Citation: Pneumonia 2021 13:3
  10. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is commonly associated with oro-facial and genital manifestations. It rarely causes encephalitis and even less commonly, in heavily immunosuppressed patients, visceral disease or bro...

    Authors: Johannes Sumer, Frederike Waldeck, Nadja Fischer, Christina Appenzeller, Markus Koster, Martin Früh and Werner C. Albrich
    Citation: Pneumonia 2021 13:1
  11. Due to similarities in initial disease presentation, clinicians may be inclined to repeatedly test community-acquired pneumonia cases for COVID-19 before recognizing the need to test for Legionnaires’ disease....

    Authors: Kelsie Cassell, J Lucian Davis and Ruth Berkelman
    Citation: Pneumonia 2021 13:2
  12. While persons who receive immigrant and refugee visas are screened for active tuberculosis before admission into the United States, nonimmigrant visa applicants (NIVs) are not routinely screened and may enter ...

    Authors: Bisma Ali Sayed, Drew L. Posey, Brian Maskery, La’Marcus T. Wingate and Martin S. Cetron
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:15
  13. Pneumonia is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in under-five children. Regardless of this fact, efforts to identify determinants of pneumonia have been limited in the study area. The aim of this stu...

    Authors: Getaw Walle Bazie, Nebat Seid and Bitiya Admassu
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:14
  14. Maternal immunization with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) may protect young infants in high-risk settings against the high risk of pneumococcal infections in early life. The aim of this study was to dete...

    Authors: Sarah Javati, Geraldine Masiria, Arthur Elizah, John-Paul Matlam, Rebecca Ford, Peter C. Richmond, Deborah Lehmann, William S. Pomat and Anita H. J. van den Biggelaar
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:13
  15. Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading infectious cause of human mortality and is responsible for nearly 2 million deaths every year. It is often regarded as a ‘silent killer’ because it predominantly affects the po...

    Authors: Gabriella Scandurra, Chris Degeling, Paul Douglas, Claudia C. Dobler and Ben Marais
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:9
  16. Childhood pneumonia continues to be a disease that causes severe morbidity and mortality among children mainly in South-East Asia and Africa though it is not so in the developed world. Pneumonia accounts for 1...

    Authors: Sanath Thushara Kudagammana, Ruchira Ruwanthika Karunaratne, Thilini Surenika Munasinghe and Haputhanthirige Donna Wasana Samankumari Kudagammana
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:8
  17. Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults is still a common and serious illness in the sub-Saharan Africa. Identification of the pathogens is crucial in the management of CAP. This study was done to determi...

    Authors: Peter Kishimbo, Nyambura Moremi Sogone, Fredrick Kalokola and Stephen E. Mshana
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:7
  18. Cohort studies identifying the incidence, complications and co-morbidities associated with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) are largely based on administrative datasets and rely on International Classificati...

    Authors: Maria C. Rodriguez-Barradas, Kathleen A. McGinnis, Kathleen Akgün, Janet P. Tate, Sheldon T. Brown, Adeel A. Butt, Michael Fine, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Christopher J. Graber, Laurence Huang, David Rimland, Amy Justice and Kristina Crothers
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:6
  19. Influenza viruses specifically, A and B mainly contribute to seasonal outbreaks that occur globally. However, due to limited diagnostics for influenza there is little data regarding clinical outcomes of patien...

    Authors: Mujahid Hussain, Nosheen Nasir, Muhammad Irfan and Zahra Hasan
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:5
  20. Childhood pneumonia continues to be a major infectious killer in India. WHO recommended respiratory rate and oxygen saturation (SpO2) measurements are not well implemented in Indian public health outpatient facil...

    Authors: Varun Alwadhi, Enisha Sarin, Praveen Kumar, Prasant Saboth, Ajay Khera, Sachin Gupta and Harish Kumar
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:4
  21. Pneumonia is a serious health concern, but it does not attract the attention it warrants. Perhaps this is due to a lack of understanding of the real extent of this infectious disease in the general population.

    Authors: Catia Cillóniz, Leith Greenslade, Cristina Dominedò and Carolina Garcia-Vidal
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:3
  22. The International Symposium on Pneumococci and Pneumococcal Diseases (ISPPD) is the premier global scientific symposium dedicated to the exchange, advancement and dissemination of the latest research on the pn...

    Authors: Brenda Anna Kwambana-Adams, E. Kim Mulholland and Catherine Satzke
    Citation: Pneumonia 2020 12:2
  23. UK specific data on the risk of developing hospitalised CAP for patients with underlying comorbidities is lacking. This study compared the likelihood of hospitalised all-cause community acquired pneumonia (CAP...

    Authors: J. Campling, D. Jones, J. D. Chalmers, Q. Jiang, A. Vyse, H. Madhava, G. Ellsbury and M. Slack
    Citation: Pneumonia 2019 11:4
  24. Although Neisseria meningitidis is one of the major causes of meningitis, meningococcal pneumonia is the most common non-neurological organ disease caused by this pathogen.

    Authors: Charles Feldman and Ronald Anderson
    Citation: Pneumonia 2019 11:3
  25. Although β-lactam monotherapy may be sufficient in non-critically ill patients with community-acquired pneumonia, the value of combination antibiotic regimens in community-onset neutropenic pneumonia remains u...

    Authors: Hyeri Seok, Jae-Hoon Ko, Kyong Ran Peck, Ji-Yeon Kim, Ji Hye Lee, Ga Eun Park, Sun Young Cho, Cheol-In Kang, Nam Yong Lee and Doo Ryeon Chung
    Citation: Pneumonia 2019 11:2
  26. Utilization of diagnostics and biomarkers are the second largest cost drivers in the management of patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The present study aimed to systematically asses...

    Authors: Stefan M. T. Vestjens, Esther Wittermans, Simone M. C. Spoorenberg, Jan C. Grutters, Charlotte A. van Ruitenbeek, G. Paul Voorn, Willem Jan W. Bos and Ewoudt M. W. van de Garde
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:15
  27. Potentially pathogenic bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Staphylococcus aureus are commonly carried in the nasopharynx of young children. Host and environmental...

    Authors: Eddy Fadlyana, Eileen M. Dunne, Kusnandi Rusmil, Rodman Tarigan, Sunaryati Sudigdoadi, Chrysanti Murad, Emma Watts, Cattram Nguyen, Catherine Satzke, Nurhandini Eka Dewi, Sang Ayu Kompiyang Indriyani, Finny Fitry Yani, Kim Mulholland and Cissy Kartasasmita
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:14
  28. Indigenous children in Australia’s Northern Territory are densely colonised with the pneumococcus within weeks of birth antecedent to a high prevalence of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI). We assessed ...

    Authors: Michael J. Binks, Sarah A. Moberley, Anne Balloch, Amanda J. Leach, Sandra Nelson, Kim M. Hare, Cate Wilson, Jane Nelson, Peter S. Morris, Robert S. Ware, Mimi L. K. Tang, Paul J. Torzillo, Jonathan R. Carapetis, Kim Mulholland and Ross M. Andrews
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:13
  29. We report a case of endogenous lipoid pneumonia secondary to long-term use of amiodarone (> 30 years) for atrial fibrillation in a 76-year-old Caucasian woman, presenting with cough and dyspnea. Endogenous Lipoid...

    Authors: Ilektra Voulgareli, Alexandra Chronaiou, Dionisios Tsoukalas and George Tsoukalas
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:12
  30. Streptococcus pneumoniae is capable of causing multiple infectious syndromes and occasionally causes outbreaks. The objective of this review is to update prior outbreak reviews, identify control measures, and com...

    Authors: Paul N. Zivich, John D. Grabenstein, Sylvia I. Becker-Dreps and David J. Weber
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:11
  31. Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) is one of the most common pathogens of Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP), but recent reports suggest that its incidence may be declining in relation to the use of the conjugate 13-v...

    Authors: Carlos M. Luna, Laura Pulido, Michael S. Niederman, Alberto Casey, Diego Burgos, Sebastián D. Leiva Agüero, Alejandra Grosso, Evangelina Membriani, Andrea C. Entrocassi, Marcelo Rodríquez Fermepin, Carlos A. Vay, Susana Garcia and Angela Famiglietti
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:9
  32. Culture-independent sequencing methods are increasingly used to investigate the microbiota associated with human mucosal surfaces, including sites that have low bacterial load in healthy individuals (e.g. the ...

    Authors: Robyn L. Marsh, Maria T. Nelson, Chris E. Pope, Amanda J. Leach, Lucas R. Hoffman, Anne B. Chang and Heidi C. Smith-Vaughan
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:7
  33. The advent of antiretroviral therapy has led to the improved survival of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children to adulthood and to HIV becoming a chronic disease in older children and adolescent...

    Authors: Leah N. Githinji, Diane M. Gray and Heather J. Zar
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:6
  34. The incidence of community-acquired pneumonia and lower respiratory tract infection rises considerably in later life. Immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody levels to pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide are known to...

    Authors: Esther L. German, Bahij Al-Hakim, Elena Mitsi, Shaun H. Pennington, Jenna F. Gritzfeld, Angie D. Hyder-Wright, Antonia Banyard, Stephen B. Gordon, Andrea M. Collins and Daniela M. Ferreira
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:5
  35. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that remains an important public health problem at the global level. It is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality, due to the emergence of antibiotic resis...

    Authors: Rkia Eddabra and Hassan Ait Benhassou
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:4
  36. Pneumonia is a very common disease, especially among the elderly. Various drugs’ preventive effects against pneumonia have been reported. The antiplatelet drug cilostazol is used to prevent pneumonia, but the ...

    Authors: Hirotaka Nakashima, Kazuhisa Watanabe, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Yusuke Suzuki and Masafumi Kuzuya
    Citation: Pneumonia 2018 10:3

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